Founded: 1613; Incorporated: 1898
Time Zone: 7 AM Eastern Standard Time (EST) = noon Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
Ethnic Composition: White, 63.9%; Black, 28.7%; Asian/Pacific Islander, 7%
Elevation: 15–244 m (50–800 ft) above sea level
Latitude and Longitude: 40°45'N, 73°59'W
Coastline: 1,942 km (750 mi)
Climate: Continental climate moderated by the Atlantic Ocean, with hot summers, cold winters, mild springs, and crisp autumns
Annual Mean Temperature: 12.2°C (54.0°F); January 0.1°C (32.2°F); July 24.8°C (76.6°F)
Seasonal Average Snowfall : 737 mm (29 in)
Average Annual Precipitation (total of rainfall and melted snow): 1016 mm (40 in)
Weights and Measures: Standard U.S.
Monetary Units: Standard U.S.
Telephone Area Codes: 212, 718
Postal Codes: 10001–99; 10101–99; 10201–82
Located at the southeastern-most point in the state of New York, New York City is situated on the Atlantic coastal plain, at the mouth of the Hudson River.
New York City is known for its traffic congestion, and many New Yorkers walk or use public transportation within the city itself. The major north-south interstate routes leading to New York are I-95 and I-87 (which approaches New York from the north only). In New Jersey, I-95 becomes the New Jersey Turnpike. East of the Hudson River, it becomes the Cross Bronx Expressway before heading north up the coast of New England. I-95 leads to the Holland and Lincoln tunnels and the George Washington Bridge. I-87 (the New York Thruway) becomes the Major Deegan Expressway as it nears the city from the north. I-80 (the Bergen-Passaic Expressway) approaches New York heading eastward from Pennsylvania.
Bus and Railroad Service
Amtrak offers daily service to New York's Penn Station from Chicago (on the Lake Shore Limited), Miami (the Silver Star), New Orleans (the Crescent), Toronto (the Maple Leaf), and Montreal (the Adirondack). Amtrak also operates a high-speed rail shuttle, the Metroliner , between New York and Washington, D.C. Other rail lines that operate out of Penn Station are the Long Island Railroad and New Jersey Transit. Metro-North operates service from New Haven, Connecticut, and Poughkeepsie, New York, to Manhattan's Grand Central Railroad Terminal.
Almost every major domestic carrier operates flights to and from New York, as do most international airlines as well. The city is served by three major airports: John F. Kennedy International Airport (which handles over 200 international flights per day) and LaGuardia Airport, both in Queens, and Newark International Airport in New Jersey.
New York Population Profile
Area: 800 sq km (308.9 sq mi)
Ethnic composition: 63.9% white; 28.7% black; 7% Asian/Pacific Islander
Nicknames: The Big Apple; The Empire City
Description: New York City and surrounding communities
World population rank: 5
Percentage of national population: 6.0%
Average yearly growth rate: 0.4%
Ethnic composition: 91.2% white; 4.4% black; 3.4% Asian/Pacific Islander
- The New York metropolitan area's rank among the world's urban areas.
- The percent of the United States' total population living in the New York metropolitan area.
New York is home to two Foreign Trade Zones—one at Kennedy International Airport and one at the Brooklyn Navy Yard—which encourage trade by
Bus and Commuter Rail Service
New York's subway system is one of the largest in the world, with 1,149 kilometers (714 miles) of track and 469 stations. Trains run 24 hours a day, making frequent stops during rush hour and other daytime hours. Both local and express trains are available. Buses run daily from 6:00 AM to 9:00 PM in all five boroughs; more than 200 routes are covered by a fleet of 3,700 buses. Taxicabs are a popular mode of transportation in Manhattan—during peak traffic hours, an ocean of yellow cabs seem to fill the city's streets. Taxi stands abound throughout the city, and cabs can be easily hailed in most areas.
Visitors may tour New York in organized tours by trolley or double-decker bus, and many walking tours of specific neighborhoods are offered, as well as self-guided walking tours of historic sites in Manhattan. Brief helicopter tours offer a dramatic view of the Manhattan skyline, as do scenic cruises of New York Harbor. In addition there are many specialized tours of specific sites, including Carnegie Hall, Lincoln Center, Radio City, and the studios of the NBC television network.
Top Companies in the New York Area
|Nature of Business|
725 Fifth Ave.
NY, NY 10022
|Real estate development, hotels, casinos & golf courses, entertainment, product licensing|
320 Park Ave.
NY, NY 10022
|Fertilizers, petrochemicals, liquefied petroleum gas & oil products|
|Advance Publications Inc.
950 Fingerboard Rd
Staten Island, NY 10305
|Newspapers and magazines|
731 Lexington Ave.
NY, NY 10022
|Provider of news, data and analytics for financial professionals and businesses|
|Charmer Sunbelt Group
60 E. 42nd St.
NY, NY 10165
|Wine and spirits distributor|
New York City Statistics
New York City offers incomparable museums, attractions, restaurants, hotels, theaters,
entertainment and shopping. Below are facts and statistics about the city an its people.
Total Visitors to NYC 2000-2010* Visitors (international and domestic) to New York City in 2010:
Domestic Visitors to NYC 2000–2010
Domestic visitors in 2010: 39.0 million
International Visitors to NYC 2000–2010
International visitors in 2010: 9.7 million
Direct Visitor Spending in NYC 1998–2010
Visitor spending (international and domestic) in 2010: $31.0 billion
New York City’s Top International Markets (2009 figures):
1. United Kingdom 1,096,000
2. Canada 880,000
3. Germany 568,000
4. France 520,000
5. Italy 432,000
6. Australia 420,000
7. Spain and Eastern Europe 357,000 each
9. All Middle East 355,000
10. Scandinavia (Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland) 345,000
Total visitor spending from New York City tourism in 2009: $28.2 billion
Total wages generated by New York City tourism in 2009: $16.6 billion
Total NYC jobs supported by visitor spending in 2009: 303,649
Total taxes generated by visitor spending in 2008: $7.5 billion
Each New York City household benefited by an average of $1,200 in tax savings as a result of travel and tourism.
Consumer family units in the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island
Average annual expenditures US/NYC
Food 12.9/ 12.3
Alcoholic beverages .9/ .8
Housing 34.2/ 39.2
Apparel & services 3.5/ 3.8
Transportation 16.3/ 14.1
Health care 6.1/ 5.0
Entertainment 5.5/ 4.7
Personal care & services 1.2/ 1.1
Reading .2/ .2
Tobacco products .7/ .4
Miscellaneous 1.7/ 1.5
Cash contributions 3.5/ 2.5
Insurance & pensions 11.1/ 10.9
|Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics|
New York City Sports
(Old Yankee Stadium above)
Click a link to learn more about New York professional sports.